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Historic Sites: Civil War Re-enactment in Highland County, Virginia and the Craig County Fall Festival
Historic Sites

The Commonwealth of Virginia is known for its rich history.

Historic New Castle signAnd Virginia’s Western Highlands doesn’t disappoint. From Civil War sites to the golden days of the railroad, a trip through Virginia’s Western Highlands can help you understand how our past shaped our present.

 
  • Covington
    Alleghany Historical Society at the Covington C&O Depot
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    Locality:
    Alleghany County
    149 Maple Avenue
    Covington, VA 24426

    The Alleghany Historical Society was formed June 26, 1958 with 231 charter members. The Society has continually been active in the Community since that time and has recently moved into the newly restored 1908 C&O Covington Passenger Depot. Our mission is to preserve the history of the Alleghany Highlands and continue to educate the citizens about the history of our area. We are currently operate in two historic Chesapeake and Ohio Railroad passenger stations.  The first, and most recently renovated, was originally completed in 1890 and is available for rent for special events.  Please contact us for more details.  The larger of the two structures was completed originally in 1908, and today houses our archives, research library, and primary exhibit area.  Whether you are a history buff, researcher of geneology, or casual passer-by, we are more than happy to help with further information on the Alleghany Highlands of today or yester-year.  Please come see us!

    Telephone:
    540-965-0149

    Email:
    alleghanyhis@ntelos.net

    Website:
    http://www.virginia.org/Listings/HistoricSites/AlleghanyHistoricalSocietyattheCovingtonCODepot

  • Covington
    Alleghany Historical Society
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    Locality:
    Covington City County
    149 Maple Avenue
    PO Box 384
    Covington, VA 24426

    The Alleghany Historical Society was formed June 26, 1958 with 231 charter members. The Society has continually been active in the Community since that time and resides in the restored 1908 C&O Covington Passenger Depot. Our mission is to preserve the history of the Alleghany Highlands and continue to educate the citizens about the history of our area. Open Sunday, Tuesday, Thursday and Saturday from 2 until 4 p.m.

    Telephone:
    540-965-0149

    Website:
    http://www.virginia.org/Listings/HistoricSites/AlleghanyHistoricalSociety

  • New Castle
    Audie Murphy Monument
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    Locality:
    Craig County
    Appalachian Trail
    New Castle, VA 24127

    On May 28, 1971, Audie Murphy, the most decorated US soldier in World War II, died in an airplane crash on the slopes of Brush Mountain, near New Castle, VA. Three years later, the Veterans of Foreign Wars placed a stone monument near the site of the crash. The monument may be approached in several ways. For those wanting only a short walk, you may drive up Brush Mountain, but be prepared for a winding, graveled road. The road ends at the parking lot and from there it is an easy 1/2 mile hike to the monument. After viewing the monument, take the short trail to the rocky overlook to get beautiful views of the Craig Creek Valley.

    Telephone:
    540-552-4641

    Website:
    http://www.virginia.org/Listings/HistoricSites/AudieMurphyMonument

  • Clifton Forge
    C&O Railway Heritage Center - Clifton Forge
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    Locality:
    Alleghany County
    705 Main Street
    Clifton Forge, VA 24422

    The Chesapeake and Ohio Historical Society is proud to offer The C&O Railway Heritage Center  in Clifton Forge. This Center is a railway heritage museum, interpretive, educational, and visitor's center that tells the story of the C&O Railway: the people, the places, and the technology. The story is the essential American tale of how our nation grew, how we lived and worked, and how we were all connected together by twin rails of steel. The purpose of this center is also to honor the memory and contribution of all the railroaders who built the railroads that allowed our nation to prosper, and all those railroaders who continue to keep America moving by rail. Features: - 1896 Freight Depot Visitor's Center - Replica Signal Tower for Train Watching - 1922 Gadsby's Tavern Dining Car - Restored C&O Cabooses - 7 1/2 Inch Gauge Ride-On Train - Large Scale Locomotive Models - 96 Foot O-Gauge Layout - C&O China and Chessie Displays

    Telephone:
    540-862-8653
    800-453-2647
    Fax: 540-863-9159

    Website:
    http://www.virginia.org/Listings/HistoricSites/CORailwayHeritageCenterCliftonForge

  • Monterey
    Camp Allegheny, Confederate Outpost
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    Locality:
    Highland County
    U.S. 250 and Elieber Sods Rd
    Monterey, VA 24465

    Inscription reads: "Two miles west on the former Staunton-to-Parkersburg Turnpike is Camp Allegheny, the highest Civil War fortification east of the Mississippi. Its rolling meadows and spectacular views belie a punishing winter climate." The turnpike was completed in 1839 to "benefit the state by retaining and increasing its western population, clearing and settling an extensive territory, and adding to the revenue...the formidable central range of mountains of Virginia, a county at present almost a wilderness and where comforts are unknown," according to Claudius Crozet, then Principal Engineer of the Virginia Board of Public Works. In 1861, the road became an important strategic target for both armies. Confederates dug in at Camp Allegheny, overlooking the turnpike, to bar advances into the Shenandoah Valley after Union victories at Rich Mountain and Corricks Ford in July 1861. They held this vital position during Gen. Robert E. Lee's attack on nearby Cheat Mountain that September. The garrison here under Edward "Old Alleghany" Johnson was attacked by Federals led by Gen. Robert Milroy on December 13, 1861. The Confederate defenders won one of the hardest fought battles of the war's first year. Southern soldiers endured a horrible winter at Camp Allegheny. Diseases swept through the exposed camp, killing scores of men whose unmarked graves still lie scattered across the mountaintop. Abandoning Camp Allegheny in April 1862, Confederate survivors retreated east on the turnpike, toward Staunton, before joining Gen. T.J. "Stonewall" Jackson. The combined force marched west again, defeating Union forces under Milroy once more at McDowell on May 8, 1862. Though western Virginia remained in Union hands, Jackson's famous Valley campaign continued, ending in June with victories at Port Republic and Cross Keys.

    Telephone:
    Phone: 540-468-2550

    Website:
    http://www.virginia.org/Listings/HistoricSites/CampAlleghenyConfederateOutpost

  • Clifton Forge
    Clifton Forge Downtown Historic District
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    Locality:
    Alleghany County
    501 E. Ridgeway St.
    Clifton Forge, VA 24422

    The City of Clifton Forge is in western Virginia nestled in the Allegheny Mountains at the southern tip of the Shenandoah Valley and west of the Blueridge Parkway. The population is approximately 4,679. CSX Transportation's "mountain rail line" passes through Clifton Forge which has a rich railroad history. The City is home to the Alleghany Highlands Arts & Crafts Center, The Chesapeake & Ohio Historical Society and The Stonewall Theater. Douthat State Park is just 7 miles from the city.

    Telephone:
    540-862-2000

    Website:
    http://www.virginia.org/Listings/HistoricSites/CliftonForgeDowntownHistoricDistrict

  • Covington
    Covington Downtown Historic District
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    Locality:
    Covington City County
    City Hall Court Street
    Covington, VA 24426

    The City of Covington is in western Virginia along the Allegheny Mountains at the southern tip of the Shenandoah Valley and west of the Blueridge Parkway. Joining with the City of Clifton Forge, Alleghany County, Bath County and Highland County, the area is promoted as Virginia's Western Highlands. Covington is accessible via Interstate 64 and U. S. Route 220. The population is approximately 6,991. The city is designated as a "Virginia Certified Business Location" and a "Virginia Accredited Tourism Community."

    Telephone:
    540-965-6300

    Website:
    http://www.virginia.org/Listings/HistoricSites/CovingtonDowntownHistoricDistrict

  • New Castle
    Craig County Courthouse
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    Locality:
    Craig County
    182 Main Street
    New Castle, VA 24127

    The Craig County Courthouse was built in 1852 when the county was formed and New Castle established as the county seat. It is located in the New Castle historic district on the corner of Main and Court Streets, opposite the Old Brick Hotel. Renovation and expansion was done in 2000, while the original Jeffersonian architecture was preserved. It houses several county offices; judicial court is held regularly. Historical and genealogical records are available in the Clerk's Office. Open Mon-Fri, 9am-5pm.

    Telephone:
    Administrator's Office: 540-864-5010
    Clerk's Office: 540-864-6141

    Email:
    suzanne.craigco@tds.net

    Website:
    http://www.virginia.org/Listings/HistoricSites/CraigCountyCourthouse

  • McDowell
    Highland County Museum
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    Locality:
    Highland County
    161 Mansion House Road
    McDowell, VA 24458

    The museum is located in a 1851 home which served as a hosptial during the Civil War Battle of McDowell on May 8, 1862. The home became a stagecoach stop on the Staunton-to-Parkersburg Turnpike and was operated as a hotel. The Highland Historical Society purchased the building in 2001 to renovate it into a local history museum. The grand opening was held May 7, 2005. One of the museum rooms is dedicated solely to the Battle of McDowell including a new documentary film on the battle that was shot on-location in McDowell. Two other exhibit rooms are filled with local artifacts and antiques that tell the story of the rural, mountain community of Highland County, Va. For more information, go to the website.

    Telephone:
    540-396-4478

    Email:
    highlandhist@mgwnet.com

    Website:
    http://www.virginia.org/Listings/HistoricSites/HighlandCountyMuseum

  • Monterey
    Highland County
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    Locality:
    Highland County
    Highland County Chamber of Commerce
    P.O. Box 223, The Highland Center, Spruce Street
    Monterey, VA 24465

    Located at the western edge of Virginia in the Alleghany Mountains, Highland County enjoys the highest mean elevation of any county east of the Mississippi River. Called "Virginia's Little Switzerland," with roughly 2300 residents, it is also one of the least populated eastern counties. The region is named Virginia's Western Highlands and is part of the Shenandoah Valley region of Virginia. Monterey, the county seat, is located 45 miles west of the intersection of Interstates 81 and 64 in Staunton. The annual Highland Maple Festival draws upwards of 50,000 visitors and is designated a "Local Legacy" by the Library of Congress. Highland County is the site of The Battle of McDowell, the first victory of Stonewall Jackson's 1862 Valley Campaign. The county is 416 square miles of spectacular mountain terrain.

    Telephone:
    540-468-2550
    Fax: 540-468-2551

    Website:
    http://www.virginia.org/Listings/OutdoorsAndSports/HighlandCounty

  • Covington
    Humpback Bridge
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    Locality:
    Covington City County
    Midland Trail
    Covington, VA 24426

    Humpback Bridge is the only covered, humpback bridge remaining in the United States.  It's also a cherished landmark, now listed on the National Register of Historic Places, where residents and visitors alike gather for picnics, photos or simply to admire her beauty and craftsmanship. The bridge was constructed in 1857, and the design of the bridge, to be covered and arched, was to increase its longevity and keep the midpoint above flood waters.  This nearly 110 foot structure was built with a broad axe and put together with hand hewed locust pins.  The bridge was used for vehicular traffic on Route 60 (Midland Trail) until 1929.  In 1953, The Covington Business and Professional Woman's Club, the Virginia Department of Transportation, and the area residents restored the bridge.  Three eras of transportation history can be seen at this site: the old road crossing Humpback Bridge, the new state highway bridge on Route 60 (Midland Trail) and the CSX railroad bridge. Fans of covered bridges come from all over the world to admire the historic Humpback Bridge.  It has been lovingly preserved and is now part of a five-acre wayside park.  It's uniquely Alleghany.      

    Telephone:
    540-962-2178

    Website:
    http://www.virginia.org/Listings/HistoricSites/HumpbackBridge

  • McDowell
    McDowell Battlefield
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    Locality:
    Highland County
    Bullpasture River Field
    1 Main Street
    McDowell, VA 24458

    The Civil War Battle of McDowell which was fought May 8, 1862. The Battle of McDowell was Confederate Gen. Stonewall Jackson's first victory in his legendary Valley Campaign. Over time, the battlefield has remained largely untouched having gained a 100 percent pristine rating from the U.S. Department of Interior. Buildings that stood during the battle remain in the village today.

    Telephone:
    540-396-6169

    Website:
    http://www.virginia.org/Listings/HistoricSites/McDowellBattlefield

  • McDowell
    McDowell Presbyterian Church
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    Locality:
    Highland County
    US Route 250
    McDowell, VA 24458

    Come see an important piece of American History. The McDowell Presbyterian Church is a surviving structure that existed during the Battle of McDowell in the American Civil War. The McDowell Battlefield Trail is accessible from the church parking lot. Located on U. S. Route 250 in McDowell, Virginia, at the intersection of Rt. 250 with Bullpasture River Road (Rt. 678).  The red brick church right across from the Civil War Cemetery.  You can park in the church parking lot to hike the McDowell Battlefield Trail.

    Telephone:
    540-396-3450

    Email:
    beth.pyles@gmail.com

    Website:
    http://www.virginia.org/Listings/HistoricSites/McDowellPresbyterianChurch

  • Warm Springs
    Milk House Market and Old Dairy Barn
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    Locality:
    Bath County
    46 Old Dairy Road
    Warm Springs, VA 24484

    Built in 1928, the Old Dairy Barn once served all the dairy needs of the Homestead Resort in nearby Hot Springs. Because train service to the area was unpredicatable the Homestead maintained many of its own food producing operations, of which this was one. Abandoned for three decades, the Old Dairy complex, fell into disrepair. Thanks to ongoing restoration efforts of the Homestead Preserve, the complex is reliving its glory days. There are several original buildings and silos in the complex. They are the Main Barn, Calf Barn, Holstein Barn, Gurnsey Barn, Milk House, Bull Barn and Herdsman's Cottage. The Old Dairy was listed on the National Register of Historical Places in 2007 and was also named a Virginia Historic Landmark.

    Telephone:
    540-839-6455

    Website:
    http://www.virginia.org/Listings/HistoricSites/MilkHouseMarketandOldDairyBarn

  • New Castle
    Old Brick Hotel
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    Locality:
    Craig County
    141 Court Street
    New Castle, VA 24127

    Come visit the Old Brick Hotel where past boarders include lawyers and judges, hot springs visitors, and maybe Jesse James. The three-story brick building was built in three stages beginning in 1840. Right across the street from the Craig County Courthouse, it was the center of town through the boom times of the early 1900's. Restoration was begun in 1982 by the Craig County Historical Society. It now showcases local antiques, a ground-floor Genealogy Library added on in 2012, and a lot of history. Two restored log cabins are nearby; the Hawkins cabin is adjacent to the hotel and the two-story Keffer log house is a block away beside Mick or Mack IGA. The Old Brick Hotel is the proud focal point of the Craig County Fall Festival second Saturday of each October. Open every Friday afternoon April through November, or please call for an appointment.

    Telephone:
    Diane Givens: 540-864-5004
    Opal Caldwell: 540-864-5489
    Glenn Paxton: 540-864-5066

    Email:
    dgivens29@aol.com

    Website:
    http://www.virginia.org/Listings/HistoricSites/OldBrickHotel

  • Clifton Forge
    Ridgely Historic Gardens
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    Locality:
    Clifton Forge (city) County
    118 First Street
    Clifton Forge, VA 24422

    Ridgely Gardens is a mountainside property overlooking the historic town of Clifton Forge, Virginia. Beginning in 1902, this two-acre privately-owned garden property was gradually carved into the steep southern face of Fore Mountain in the highlands of Alleghany County. Stone walks, steps, walls, and ponds combined with old boxwood hedges, and defined flowerbeds give the garden structure, dimension and a distinct mountainside ambience.

    Telephone:
    cell: 540-620-2400

    Email:
    ridgelygardens@gmail.com

    Website:
    http://www.virginia.org/Listings/HistoricSites/RidgelyHistoricGardens

  • Monterey
    The Highland Inn - Virginia Historic Landmark
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    Locality:
    Highland County
    68 W. Main Street
    Monterey, VA 24465

    The Highland Inn is an historic Country Inn located in Virginia’s Western Highlands. The Inn is the premier architectural landmark in the town of Monterey, the county seat of Highland County. Built in 1904 the Inn was known for it’s first 75 years as the "Hotel Monterey". The Inn is listed on the "National Register of Historic Places" and is a "Virginia Historic Landmark". A grand three-story structure, the Inn was built in a commercial Queen Anne Style, featuring two levels of architecturally significant Eastlake style porches. The Inn has eighteen guest rooms and suites, each with a private bath. A deluxe continental breakfast is provided for guests. Dining featuring local foods is available in the "Monterey Dining Room" and the more casual "Black Sheep Tavern".   The Inn will be undergoing an extensive renovation during 2017 thanks to the private and state donations.  

    Telephone:
    540-468-2143
    Fax: 540-468-3143

    Website:
    http://www.virginia.org/Listings/HistoricSites/TheHighlandInnVirginiaHistoricLandmark

  • Clifton Forge
    The Historic Masonic Theatre
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    Locality:
    Alleghany County
    510 Main St
    Clifton Forge, VA 24422

    Circa 1905, originally an opera house and Masonic Lodge in the downtown historic district of Clifton Forge, VA, the Historic Masonic Theatre is Virginia's oldest continuously operating Theatre. On July 1, 2016, the Historic Masonic Theatre opened its doors to the public once again after a 6.5 million dollar renovation.  A  movie theatre and a performing arts venue, the four story building has a state of the art auditorium, an underground cafe and lounge area, a balcony with seating and conference room and an upper level ballroom suitable for wedding receptions and gatherings. The Theatre's history includes performances bythe world famous Count Basie Orchestra, appearances by Tex Ritter, Lash LaRue, and Cowboy Bob Steele and political speaker William Jennings Bryan.

    Telephone:
    540-862-5655

    Email:
    masonictheatre@yahoo.com

    Website:
    http://www.virginia.org/Listings/HistoricSites/TheHistoricMasonicTheatre

  • Warm Springs
    Warwickton Mansion
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    Locality:
    Bath County
    2241 Hidden Valley Road
    Warm Springs, VA 24484

    Warwickton Mansion is an antebellum mansion built by Judge James Wood Warwick in 1848 and which now operates as the Hidden Valley Bed and Breakfast. Warwickton Mansion is listed on the National Register of Historic Places. It was the shooting set for the 1993 post Civil-War film called Sommersby, starring Richard Gere and Jodie Foster. You may view the mansion from the river, but reservations are required to enter the gate to the Inn.

    Telephone:
    540-839-3178

    Email:
    hiddenvalleybb@tds.net

    Website:
    http://www.virginia.org/Listings/HistoricSites/WarwicktonMansion

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